Periodontal Disease Basics: What You Need To Know

Gum disease also referred to as periodontal disease is unfortunately a common disease among the general public. There are two main stages of this disease: first gingivitis, and then periodontitis. Gingivitis is the milder form of the disease; the good news is that is reversible.

Gingivitis first starts when plaque latches onto the visible edge of the gums, right where the tooth and the gums meet. If the plaque is not removed by means of brushing and flossing on a regular basis, the plaque hardens into tartar. Now with tartar in place, this promotes a way for bacteria to attach to and grow. This is how it starts.

Next, periodontal disease is when the bacteria take over. Signs of gum disease are gums bleeding when you brush your teeth and gums that have pulled away from the teeth. Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth are also suspect for possibly having gum disease. It is more subtle sign, but having bad breath that never seems to go away is a sign of gum disease also. Just think about it: bacteria in your mouth that has not cleared out and been cleaned away is there growing and making a larger and larger infection. Bacteria smell bad; so next time pay more attention to your breath and brush your teeth after each meal if at all possible.

There are certain groups at risk for having gum disease, or risks for developing it rather. Tobacco smokers and chewers are at an increased risk for the disease as well as those having crooked teeth. It may sound almost comical, but think about it with crooked teeth it can make more room for bacterial to latch onto tartar buildup. People with diabetes are at a higher risk for developing gum disease as well as women who are pregnant or using oral contraceptives. It is good to know about the risk factors so that you can do all that you can to reduce your risk. Knowledge is powerful once you know the circumstances.

Not all dentists are created equal. Like in any profession, some are better than others and some have specialties that they excel in. The dentist near Cudahy WI offers deep cleaning treatments for those with signs of gingivitis. to treat gum disease there are non-surgical options as well, such as treating the gums and teeth. It is most important to know the signs and symptoms of gum disease. Getting help the sooner the better is the best case scenario when it comes to this disease.