Back pain can be a debilitating condition that interferes with a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks such as lifting, carrying or even walking. Those that experience chronic pain that can last for months or even years often suffer additional problems including depression and loss of mobility. The lumbar region refers to the lower spine that is located behind the abdomen and consists of five vertebrae. As the lumbar region bears most of the weight and stress caused by sitting, standing and lifting heavy objects, problems in this area are a common occurrence. There are many different ways to relieve pain in the lumbar area, and treatments vary depending on the exact cause of the pain.
Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative disc disease is a condition where one or more discs suffer an injury or become compromised in some way. According to Lafayette Pain Care, degenerative disc disease can cause both acute and chronic pain. The condition can appear as a result of sudden trauma such as an injury or it can simply be a result of wear and tear. The vast majority of people will suffer some form of disc space degeneration after the age of 60. Inflammation of the proteins within the disc space and abnormal micro-motion instability are responsible for the pain that sufferers feel in the lower back. According to Spine Health, most patients can manage their pain through anti-inflammatory medication, physical therapy and gentle exercise to strengthen the core muscles.
Lumbar hyperlordosis is a condition where the lower back bears extra weight or stress and becomes curved to the point of causing pain and occasionally even muscle spasms. Male dancers that are required to lift other dancers whilst keeping their back arched often suffer from this condition. If left untreated, hyperlordosis can lead to a herniated disc so proper diagnosis and treatment is essential. Most cases of hyperlordosis can be corrected by performing a set of stretches designed to strengthen the abdominal and hamstring muscles.
Spondylolisthesis often occurs after a break or fracture in one of the spinal vertebra and refers to a condition where a vertebra slips forward over the one located directly below. The fifth vertebra located in the lower spine is the most common cause of spondylolisthesis. As well as pain in the back and legs, spondylolisthesis causes weakness, numbness and occasionally even loss of bowel and bladder control. Treatment for spondylolisthesis consists of pain medication and physical therapy or surgery for extreme cases that result in nerve or spinal cord damage.
Back pain can interfere with a person’s ability to live a full life, and those suffering from chronic pain are often forced to give up work due to their condition. Thankfully there are many treatments that can help with pain management that can be carried out at home or under the supervision of a physician. Always visit your doctor as soon as you experience pain in the lumbar region to avoid damaging the area and making the condition worse.