What is an Ayurvedic medicine? What are the 3 doshas of Ayurvedic medicine?

Ayurveda is one of the oldest medical systems in the world. This holistic healing system was developed by Indian sages almost 5000 years ago. In Ayurveda, it is believed that having a balanced mind and body can help prevent several diseases. This traditional healing system makes use of herbal medicines, well-balanced diets, massages, and other special practices to promote good health and prevent diseases.

Ayurvedic medicines are completely safe and effective. However, it is important that you visit an authentic Ayurveda practitioner for all the wonderful benefits. Also, before you begin the treatment, it is important to let the practitioner know about your medical history and all the medications you are currently under. This gives them a complete picture, helping your practitioner prescribe the right treatment for you.

The Three Doshas of Ayurveda

Have you ever wondered why some people are hyperactive, while others are calm and relaxed? Why can someone easily polish-off a five-course meal, while others struggle to finish their entrees? Well, these questions are endless. And, the answer to this question is provided by Ayurveda. It is believed that our bodies are made of three biological energies or doshas; Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.

 These doshas supervise all our physical and mental processes, providing us with a unique blueprint for health and contentment. These dishes are found in everyone, but in varying proportions. However, we all have a dominant dosha, which influences our personality, our physical appearance, our mental, emotional, and character traits.


This dosha is composed of space and air and is the dominant force of motion in one’s body and mind. The qualities of vata are; dry, cold, light, mobile, subtle, rough, and clear. People with dominant vata personality are known to be creative and flexible. This energy supervises all the movements that take place in our body, such as breathing, heartbeat, contractions of muscles, movements of tissues, mobility, and all the communication that takes place within the mind and the nervous system.

The physical traits of vatas are; tall or very short, thin (usually underweight), dry and dull appearance, often itchy, difficulty in sweating, and small eyes. They have a vibrant personality which makes them enthusiastic and quick to try and learn new things. However, they have a poor memory power. They enjoy the beauty of nature and are very emotionally sensitive.


This dosha is composed of fire and water. Their qualities are a mix of; hot, sharp, liquid, oily, subtle, and light. Typically, pittas have a toned body and are of medium height. With medium-sized eyes, their eye colour usually is green, hazel or brown. They usually required corrective lenses and are prone to rashes, freckles, and sunburns.

Pittas are competitive in nature and possess intelligence, a vision for the future, and a natural talent to organize and lead. They enjoy the visual beauty and often accomplish wonderful things.


This dosha is composed of earth and water elements. Heavy, cool, slow, gross, dense, stable, smooth, soft, cloudy, and oily are its qualities. Kaphas are physically very strong with large buttocks, hips, and chest. They have beautiful large eyes, which are usually black or blue in colour. They have lustrous hair, soft voice, and are very graceful in general.

They appreciate art, music, poetry, and dance. And, they are very attached to their family. Their pace is usually slow and they tend to accumulate unnecessary possessions.