Egg donation is a term that is used regarding infertility. It is a process where a woman donates her eggs, the eggs are fertilized with the male’s sperm and then the fertilized eggs are put inside of another woman who will carry the fertilized eggs to term resulting in the birth of a baby.
More and more professional women are having their eggs harvested so that they can be frozen and used at a later time in their lives. This allows them to still work towards achieving their goals without having to give up their dream of having a family. The fertility clinic that freezes he eggs also stores them for when the woman is ready.
Many women cannot become pregnant without the option of egg donation. Women who have eggs of inferior quality, who are aware of a genetic disease that they do not want to pass on to their new baby, or who are past the age of 40 are all good candidates for egg donation.
You can request an anonymous egg donor or you could be the recipient of egg donations made by friends or family members. A full physical and psychological screening is performed on anyone thinking about becoming an egg donor.
Once cleared of any physical problems or psychological issues, the egg donor is given a combination of drugs that will help with the woman’s ovulation cycle. The medications help to increase the amount of eggs yet prevents them from occurring too quickly. The donor is watched closely and will undergo an ultrasound to see when the follicles are ready. At that point the donor will be given a hormone called HCG; after two days the eggs will be retrieved.
The eggs will then be fertilized with the semen from the male. The laboratory setting is what contributed to the term test tube baby, which is how it was viewed when the process began in the 80s. The doctors work to synchronize the menstrual cycles of the donor and the recipient. This is what will properly prepare the uterus of the recipient to be able to accept and support an embryo.
Once fertilized and the menstrual cycles working in conjunction with each other, the eggs will be transferred to the recipient. This will occur anywhere from 2 to 5 days after the eggs were retrieved from the donor. A pregnancy test will be administered within around 10 days to see if there is a pregnancy as a result of the egg donation.
There are many factors that will determine how successful the egg donation will be. The quality of the eggs and the semen, along with the age and health of the donor, all go hand in hand when looking for a resulting pregnancy. The process is successful in almost half of the attempts but unfortunately around 20% of the recipients have been known to have a miscarriage. Many couples try again but this is a costly procedure; egg donation can cost from $12,000 up to $20,000.